Tesla Inc. reported a lower-than-expected fourth-quarter profit and lower margins, a result that sent its shares sliding in post-market trading.
The automaker blamed aggressive price cutting in China, supply chain costs and a big pay package for Chief Executive Elon Musk and other executives for operating margins that shrank to 5.4% in the latest quarter, down from 9.2% in the previous three months.
The Palo Alto company reported a fourth-quarter profit of 80 cents a share Wednesday on an adjusted basis, falling short of analysts’ consensus estimate for $1.03 and well below the blowout $2.14 of a year earlier. It marked the company’s sixth consecutive quarter of profit.
Tesla shares dropped as much as 7.6% in after-hours trading but pared the loss to 4.3% as of 4:51 p.m. in New York. They fell $18.93, or 2.1%, to $864.16 in regular trading.
“Tesla is getting more aggressive on price to win market share, and that’s why margins dipped,” said Gene Munster of Loup Ventures. “It’s negative for today, but good for the long term given the EV market is nascent.”
Tesla did not give a specific number for how many cars it expects to deliver in 2021 but said that it anticipates beating last year’s 50% growth rate, which would mean more than 750,000 units. It delivered almost 500,000 vehicles globally in 2020.
Despite missing analyst estimates for profit, the results cap a remarkable year for Tesla. The company has defied skeptics by achieving sustained income growth and been rewarded with a record stock price and placement on the Standard & Poor’s 500 index. Its success has helped spur a rally in shares of other companies with electric-vehicle strategies, both old and new.
Tesla’s revenue hit $10.74 billion in the October-to-December period, surpassing analysts’ estimate for $10.38 billion and exceeding the $7.38 billion in the last quarter of 2019.
The company earns money by selling regulatory credits to automakers that need them to comply with carbon-emissions standards in California, Europe and elsewhere. Investors view this revenue as a double-edged sword because they want to know Tesla can be profitable from its core business: making and selling cars. Sales of regulatory credits were $401 million, up from $397 million in the third quarter.
Tesla said that it has been upgrading its factory in Fremont, Calif., to launch refreshed versions of its S and X models with new powertrains and entirely new interiors. A photo in the shareholder letter shows a small screen for passengers in the back seat. The first deliveries of the Model S began in 2012, and speculation about an overdue refresh has circulated for months.